Seasonal to Interannual Surface Ocean Salinity Variations With Aquarius Data
[12-Feb-2018] Lagerloef, G.S.E., Kao, H-Y., and Carey, D.
Presented at the 2018 Ocean Sciences Meeting
An important scientific goal for satellite salinity observations is to document oceanic climate trends and their link to changes in the water cycle. This study is a re-examination of seasonal to interannual sea surface salinity (SSS) variations from more recent analyses of V5.0 reprocessing of the Aquarius satellite data, Sep 2011 to May 2015. Sensor calibration over these time scales has been a concern, and the V5.0 includes improved calibration reference data compared to previous versions, which will be explained.
Orthogonal mode analyses show that the annual cycle dominates the variability, and is strongest in the tropics. Interannual trends indicate the principal salinity patterns during onset of the 2015-16 El Niño.
Recognizing that the Aquarius data record is now finite (Sep 2011 through May 2015) due to the mission failure in early June 2015, we will conclude with a status summary of the disposition of the Aquarius data and the prospects for continuing satellite salinity measurements.