L-band Characterization of Dome-C Region Using Ground and Satellites Data
[17-Sep-2015] Macelloni, G., Brogioni, M., Pettinato, S., Montomoli, F., Monti, F., and Casal, T.
Presented at the 2013 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
In recent decades, with the development of low-frequency missions such as SMOS and Aquarius, which have a large antenna, the need has arisen to find stable areas for the external calibration of L-band radiometers. "Cold sky" and "calm ocean" are routinely used as low reference temperatures, and Antarctica, in particular the East Antarctic Plateau, has been investigated in recent years as a potential candidate for higher reference temperatures. The reason for this interest lies in its geographical location (it can be seen several times a day by polar-orbiting satellites), as well as in the size, structure, spatial homogeneity, and thermal stability of this area. In particular the area of Dome-C, where the Italian-French base is located, was monitored in the past years using ground based radiometer and satellite data. Data acquired in new experiment, started in 2012, are described in the present study together to an analysis of SMOS data collected in the same area. The results pointed out that the brightness temperature over that region is very stable both in space and time and have individuated a large area able to contain several footprints of space-borne radiometers and thus is suitable for cross calibration between the sensors.